Broadly the education system in India is governed by the following boards of education :
( IB , IGCSE , ICSE, CBSE, and State Board.)
Every parent is concerned about the future of their child. They have to face a lot of dilemmas while choosing the board. There are numerous boards available across the cities of India. Below all the boards are discussed with their merits and demerits. This will surely help the parents to select the best for their kid.
The boards of education available in India are as:
1. CBSE: Refers to Central Board of Education, is a board which is mostly preferred by parents who have transferable jobs. Kendriya Vidyalaya, Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, schools approved by central government and numerous private schools are affiliated by CBSE.
All India senior secondary certificate examination(AISSCE) is held for examination of class 10 and 12. There are more than 14808 schools running under this board. Beside India it operates in countries like Malaysia and Dubai. There are many entrance exams like IIT, AIPMT which have its syllabus based on CBSE.
• The CBSE schools have diversity as students from different backgrounds come to the same class but still childcare is always the priority of the schools.
• Major entrance exams of professional services are based on CBSE syllabus, but it is open to all the students irrespective of the board.
• The textbooks contain quality content.
• Currently, CBSE has implemented continuous and comprehensive evaluation(CCE) system according to which grading system has been introduced.
• This board is recognized by all the colleges of India and hence good for parents who have transferable or Govt. jobs.
• Various auditions for extra-curricular activities are conducted in these schools and stress is on overall development of the child through learning by doing and activity based learning.
• The colleges under state universities have reserved seats for state board students.
• Some CBSE schools have high fee.
Council for Indian school certificate examinations which is commonly pronounced as ICSE is a board which has three examination patterns.
ICSE (Indian certificate secondary education) which is for class 10 students
ISC (Indian school certificate) exam which is for class 12 students and
CVE (Certificate for vocational education) exam which is also for class 12 students .
Today about approx. 1000 schools are affiliated to CISCE board and it has schools operating in countries like UAE, Singapore, Indonesia as well. It offers subjects in almost 23 Indian languages and 12 foreign languages.
• The curriculum is vast and covers a wide range of topics which is beneficial for the overall growth of students.
• It focuses on more practical Knowledge and analytical skills.
• Children are allowed to choose the subject of their liking which they want to specialize ..
• This board focuses on all the languages equally.
• The syllabus is bit cumbersome and it is tough for students to transfer to other boards.
• Many schools have high fees, but they aid in framing all round development .
• There are few entrance exams which have syllabus of CISCE, but the seats are open for all.
3. IB(International Baccalaureate): IB is an international educational institution. It was founded in the year 1968 and has headquartered at Geneva, Switzerland. It offers three educational programs which are PYP or Primary year program that is designed for KG to Class-5, MYP or Middle year program designed for Class-6 to Class-10 and DP or Diploma program for Class-11 and Class-12. There are approx. 3500 schools running under IB and among them 130 are in India. It is operative in 144 countries including USA, UK, Australia and is the best option for parents who are planning to move to other countries.
• It has an international curriculum and is recognized by most Universities of the world. Hence students who plan to go abroad for higher studies benefit the most.
• Students of this board can apply to Foreign Universities.
• It is recognized by UNESCO, Council of Europe.
• The curriculum is based on application and experimentation.
• Schools also have entertainment activities for keeping the students engaged.
• The fee is too high.
• Such schools are situated only in big cities.
• Within the country, if students want to shift board then they may face difficulty.
4. IGCSE: International General Certificate of Secondary Education is an academically rigorous board which is internationally used hence it helps the students to prepare themselves for International Baccalaureate and CIE A-level exams. It has Cambridge Primary pattern, for learners aged 5 to 11 years, Cambridge Secondary 1 and Cambridge Secondary 2 which is for learners aged 14 to 16 years. The advanced level is for learners aged 16 to 19 years who need an advanced study for preparing for university and higher education. Today, there are approx. 200 schools in India and it operates in about 120 countries including India, USA, UK.
• As it is an International Board, so it is recognized by most of the Universities of the world.
• After acquiring an educational qualification from this board, students can apply easily in Foreign Universities.
• It has advanced curriculum with variety of subjects to choose from.
• The fee is very high.
• The schools affiliated to this board are located only at metropolitan cities.
• It is difficult to shift board.
5. State board: According to the state, the Government imparts Primary, Secondary and Higher Secondary Education. It mainly has two patterns of examination one is SSC (Secondary School Certificate) for 10 Board Exams and HSC (Higher School Certificate) for class 12 students. It is located in every state and union territory of India.
• This board is preferred by parents who don’t have transferable jobs.
• The curriculum is moderately loaded, so the students have opportunity to explore more extracurricular activities like Dancing and Sports and arts conducted through In School and After School Activities .
• The fee is on the lower side.
• The seats are reserved for students of the state board in the state universities.
• The quality of education is in the hand of State government hence not very rigorous.
• Sometimes there is even lack of basic facilities.
• Students have difficulty facing competition and exams.
6. NIOS: National Institute of open schoolingwas developed by Government of India to provide educational benefits to students who can’t attend regular schools. The sportspersons who have to travel all through the academic year are also benefited from this system.
• It is very easy compared to other boards.
• The fee is very less beside that students have an opportunity to earn scholarships.
• It is very flexible as students can give exams according to their convenience.
• Private institutions don’t accept NIOS students.
• There is delay in delivery of books.
Evaluation system of NIOS
NIOS is one of the National boards of examination which conducts two full-fledged examinations every year during the months of April/May and October/November. Some other vital points of its evaluation system:
• It doesn’t have any infrastructure, so it uses other private and public-sector institutions for conducting examinations.
• It provides flexibility to students in matters related to examination as there is no compulsion to appear in all the subjects at the same time.
• Over a period of five years, students have nine chances to appear in the public examinations and there is also the facility of transferring credit of subjects that students have passed from other selected boards.
• The students have the freedom of writing the examination in any scheduled languages of India except the language papers.
• As per convenience, a student can appear any number of times on demand examination at secondary and senior secondary level of examination.
• NIOS is very similar to CBSE and CISCE but the students have an opportunity to apply again in any subject if they are not satisfied with the result and want improvement in the performance.
• On declaration of results the students receive a mark-sheet along with their provisional and Migration certificate and after six months passing certificate is issued to them but NIOS doesn’t issue any bonafide or transfer certificate to its student.
Basic differences in the teaching methodology of all the boards in India
• CBSE is the most popular board in India depending on number of schools under the board and then comes CISCE whereas IB Is the least popular board and has minimum number of schools.
• The approach of the teaching of CBSE schools is more traditional. It emphasis more on assimilation of knowledge and its curriculum mainly focuses on preparing students for engineering and medical exams whereas the other boards are expansive in their approach and give weightage to all the fields. They ensure all-round development of the students.
• CBSE provide students with pre-set combination of subjects grouped according to different streams and CISCE also follows similar pattern. IB offers in-depth knowledge and experience in the subjects and the student has option to choose from 6 different subject groups.
• The evaluation of students in State Board is based on the ability to memorize and Rote learning is given precedence over understanding and knowledge whereas all other boards emphasize more on understanding, skill development, knowledge and application.
• The degree of difficulty of State Board is less as compared to other boards as it has less number of subjects as compared to all other boards.
• Study in private schools is expensive which poor students can’t avail so in the recent years Government has established schools in various rural areas but still, there are many villages where schools are far away.
• Schemes like Sarvasikhsha Abhiyan, mid-day meal were successful in bringing more students to school. When parents found that free food was provided in schools then they preferred to send the children to school than forcing the children to work as child labor.
• The government provides free school uniforms, textbooks and all other necessary things to the students. These scholarships had increased the interest of poor students in studies.
• Steps have been taken to ensure that the funds budgetted for the education of children are used in proper ways and it reaches to the students who really need it.
About the Author :
About the Author : Thomas is the Founder of www. Info4Kids.com and www.Competition4Kids two websites dealing with offering updates on various activities, products and services for school going kids and is passionate about introducing various kids related offerings to parents and educational institutions to bring about holistic development for kids .